the Pucara is an elegant looking aircraft, and your model is looking SUPER. Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) / Fabrica Argentina de Aviones (FAdeA) / Lockheed Martin Aircraft Argentina SA - Argentina. [32], In 2007 an IA-58 of the Fuerza Aérea Argentina was converted to carry a modified engine operating on soy-derived bio-jet fuel. The FMA IA 58 Pucará (Quechua language: Fortress) is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency (COIN) aircraft manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones. Albatros 1/1250 scale die-cast metal, waterline, assembled, painted and finished model of Atlantic Causeway, the container ship used as an aircraft repair ship during the Falklands war. MUSEUM ACCESSION NUMBER 83/A/1159, Latin American Flying 'Fortress': Argentina's IA 58 Pucará, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/FMA_IA_58_Pucará?oldid=4788216. Far from being defeated, they had sophisticated radio direction finding equipment and a heavily armed Fuerza Aerea Argentina (Argentinian air force) equipped with Skyhawk A-4B/C attack bombers, as well as Mirage and Pucara aircraft. [9], The first units were delivered in May 1975 to the Argentine Air Force (Spanish language: Fuerza Aérea Argentina [10], By the time of the Falklands War (Spanish language: Guerra de las Malvinas "Pucara's Wrong War". Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: From an aborted "suicide mission" to a daring airstrip raid destroying enemy aircraft, the SAS was at the heart of the Falklands War 30 years ago. The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. "Airdata File: FMAIA 58B & IA 66 Pucará". [5], Fixed armament of the Pucará consists of two Hispano 804 20 mm cannons mounted under the cockpits with 270 rounds each and four 7.62 mm Browning machine guns mounted on the sides of the fuselage with 900 rounds each. Other Pucaras were stationed on Pebble Island, north of West Falkland Island. Harrier Vs Pucara . In August 1966, Dirección Nacional de Fabricación e Investigación Aeronáutica (DINFIA), the Argentine state aircraft factory, began development of the AX-2, a Counter-insurgency (COIN) aircraft to meet a requirement of the Argentine Air Force. Pucara Malvinas A-520 May 1982 - EA Calderon As it was built primarily to fly from shorter less-than-perfect airstrips it was decided that a small number of Pucarás should be sent to the Falklands. It is a low-wing two-turboprop-engined all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear, and is capable of operating from unprepared strips when operationally required. IA 58A Pucará Falklands war kit #72047 from Special Hobby, also reboxed by Airfix although without the resin or photo-etched bits. [4] The first production model flew on 8 November 1974, with deliveries beginning in early 1976. In many regards, the Argentine Pucara shared many similarities - in both its combat role and outward design - to the Rockwell OV-10 Bronco. Six were taken back to the United Kingdom, as follows: Some Pucarás were used in Sri Lanka counter-insurgency operations from 1993 to 1999; three were destroyed during combat sorties. (DINFIA had been renamed the Fábrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) earlier that year). Consequently they were taken by surprise when the British responded with a large-scale mobilization, and a task force to retake the islands. [6], The Pucará was designed for operations from short, rough airstrips. A511 sits practically intact in a grass-covered valley, nearly 20 miles from Goose Green settlement, undisturbed and in peace. In order to test the proposed layout, DINFIA first built a full-scale unpowered glider test vehicle, this flying for the first time on 26 December 1967. Alan Craig's Sea Harrier. The Pucará ( Quechuan for “fortress” ) is an Argentinian Ground attack and counter insurgency aircraft. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns/operations. ISSN. After the Argentine surrender eleven Pucarás (four of them in flying condition) were captured by British forces. But it was in the Falklands that the Pucara became known worldwide. Pucara Malvinas A-549 May 1982 - BAM Malvinas; Brigada Area 3./Grupo 3 de Ataque, Esc. Pucara comes to DCS World Photo credit: Chris Lofting / CC BY-SA 4.0. FMA IA-58 Pucara. ISSN. Several trials were performed off Puerto Madryn, over Golfo Nuevo, but the war was over before the technicians could evaluate the feasibility of the project. A-533 (ZD486) – Boscombe Down Aviation Collection (Cockpit Section only). The military dictatorship that governed the country at the time regarded the seizure of the Falklands as a political act to obtain a diplomatic bargaining position, and not as an act of war. The first units were delivered in May 1975 to the Argentine Air Force (Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Argentina, FAA), equipping the 2° Escuadron de Exploración y Ataque, part of the 3rd Air Brigade (Spanish: III Brigada Aérea) in northern Reconquista, Santa Fe province. The aircraft was classified as a counter-insurgency ground-attack system capable of rough-field operation and designed with a multitude of munition options to suit the role. The unswept cantilever wings have 7 degrees of Dihedral on the outer panels and are fitted with slotted trailing-edge flaps. As many as 160 Pucaras are thought to have been produced in total. [1][3] The first prototype was later re-engined with the Astazou, with this engine being chosen for the production version, and a third, production, prototype followed in 1973. pp. The IA 58 Pucará is of conventional, all-metal (mainly duralumin) construction. | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com. The flight of four Skyhawks had already run into trouble, with two aircraft having to abort with technical problems, and the other two planes first encountered the freighter Rio Carcarana , derelict after air attack 5 days previously . FMA IA58 Pucará . pp. The aircraft is powered by a pai… They had their operational debut late in 1975, when a number of Pucarás carried out counter-insurgency strikes from Córdoba against Communist ERP guerillas in Tucumán Province as part of Operativo Independencia. The next aircraft arrived over the islands around noon. The impressive-looking, two-seat IA-58 Pucara (meaning "Fortress") was produced by the Fabrica Militar de Aviones of Argentina. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The chosen layout was a low-wing monoplane powered by two turboprop engines mounted in wing-mounted nacelles and fitted with a T-tail. The plane I choose to depict is the Argentinean Air Force IA-58 Pucará serial A-556 . It's 10 weeks into the Falklands War, and two British Harriers find themselves protecting a damaged ship, the HMS Hermes. [19][20], Two Pucarás shot down a Royal Marines Scout helicopter with 7.62 mm machine gun fire on 28 May, while it was on a casualty evacuation mission during the battle of Goose Green. [15], On 21 May a Pucará was lost to a Stinger SAM fired by D Squadron SAS (the first Stinger launched in combat) [16] and another to 30 mm cannon rounds from Cmdr Nigel "Sharkey" Ward's RN Sea Harrier,[17][18] the latter after leading a successful two-aircraft raid on a shed allegedly used as an observation post by British forces. [5] Fuel is fed from two fuselage tanks of combined capacity of 800 L (180 imp gal; 210 US gal) and two self-sealing tanks of 460 L (100 imp gal; 120 US gal) in the wings. [31], On May 1982, at the peak of the Falklands War, the Argentine Air Force, in collaboration with the Navy, outfitted a prototype, AX-04, with pylons to mount Mark 13 torpedoes. The type saw action during the Falklands War and the Sri Lankan Civil War. The stars of the conflict where the much loved C-130s and A-4 Skyhawks, followed by the Israeli IAI Daggers and the Super Etendard. Most were based at Port Stanley but several operated from remote airfields throughout the Falklands where they ended up captured or destroyed on the ground. Aircraft Losses during the Falklands war 1982 ... One Pucara of FAA Grupo 3 destroyed and two more damaged and not repaired at Goose Green by CBU's dropped in attack by No.800 Sea Harriers flown by Lt Cmdr Frederiksen, Lt Hale and Lt McHarg RN (8.25 am). November 1980. p. p. 247. The box includes two Argentinian Pucara aircraft. See more ideas about Fighter jets, Aircraft, Aviation. You’d be forgiven if you didn’t know what the FMA IA-58A Pucara was as its more on the obscure end of the military aviation spectrum. A very capable and formidable aircraft it saw action in the Falklands war and the Sri-lankan civil war. British Gallantry Awards or back to Falklands … There are a total of [ 31 ] Falklands War Aircraft entries in the Military Factory. The Pucará (Quechuan for “fortress”) is an Argentinian Ground attack and counter insurgency aircraft. [22], Helmet of pilot shot down by small arms fire from 2 PARA during the Falklands War, Also on the 28 May 2 PARA shot down a Pucará with small arms fire after it launched rockets on British troops (without causing any casualties), during the Battle of Goose Green. This was the only confirmed Argentine air-to-air victory of the war. Hatch, Paul (29 November–5 December 1989). Destroyed Argentinian Air Force Pucara aircraft provide a dramatic backdrop. The project, financed and directed by the Argentine Government (Secretaría de Ciencia Tecnología e Innovación Productiva de la Nación), made Argentina the second nation in the world to propel an aircraft with biojet fuel. The Pucara was built for speed, maneuverability, lethality and crew survivability in mind. Total external weapons load is limited to 1,620 kg (3,570 lb). Huertas, Salvador Mafé (April 1996). Consequently they were taken by surprise when the British responded with a large-scale mobilization, and a task force to retake the islands. [1] The first prototype made its maiden flight on 20 August 1969, with a second prototype, with power switching to 729 kW (978 shp) Turbomeca Astazou XVIGs, following on 6 September 1970. [6] Three JATO rockets can be fitted under the fuselage to allow extra-short take-off. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. A-517 – Privately owned. Pucara Malvinas A-511 (Mayor C. Tomba) May 1982; Brigada Area 3./Grupo 3 de Ataque, Esc. When the Falklands were taken, the runways at Port Stanley were damaged and only aircraft like the Pucara could operate from them. [13][14], Most aircraft used in combat were armed with unguided bombs, 2.75 inch rocket pods, or 7.62 mm machine gun pods. on to 55. "FMA IA-58 Pucará: Pampas Warrior". [5] The aircraft is powered by a pair of Turbomeca Astazou engines, driving sets of three-bladed Ratier-Forest 23LF propellers;[5] the propellers are also capable of being used as air brakes. A crashed Argentine Pucara aircraft, which was shot down during the Falklands War, and which has remained virtually undetected ever since, has recently been ?found' in a remote area of the Falklands. Sharkey Ward, flying Sea Harrier XZ451/006, was one of three aircraft launched to carry out a combat air patrol at the northern end of the Falkland Sound. The military dictatorship that governed the country at the time regarded the seizure of the Falklands as a political act to obtain a diplomatic bargaining position, and not as an act of war. Possibly shipped to the Channel Islands. 248–251. 2 x Turbomeca "Astazou" XVIG turboprop engines developing 978 horsepower each driving three-bladed propeller units. By 1982, the FMA had delivered about 60 aircraft, and its versatility and ability to operate on unprepared runways made it a valuable weapon in the conflict with the United Kingdom. ), about 60 Pucarás had been delivered[11] As one of the few aircraft the Argentine service capable of flying operationally from the small airfields in the Falklands, with the runway at Port Stanley Airport was not long enough for FAA Skyhawks and Mirages to be deployed,[12] it was decided to deploy a number of Pucarás to the Falklands, with four arriving at Port Stanley on 2 April 1982, with a further 8 arriving on 9 April. The IA-58 Pucara has provided South American nations such as Argentina with an inexpensive, easily maintained attack aircraft that can direct a sizeable load of munitions at a target of opportunity. Six more were destroyed in the SAS Raid on Pebble Island on 15 May 1982. Let’s have a look. The Pucara's pilot ejected and walked back to base. 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